It never occurred to me that I could make pasta the old-fashioned way—by hand. I mean, who does that? I always thought that task was relegated to old-world Nonna’s. And let’s be honest, Italian cooking is intimidating. For me, it’s fraught with peril. My fear of bungling a centuries-old cuisine is very real.
Along comes Pasta by Hand: A collection of Italy’s regional and hand shaped pasta. The fact that no special equipment or ingredients are needed to form pasta shapes chips away at my list of excuses. The book contains more than 65 recipes for homemade pasta dough and easy instructions on how to shape it into small orbs, cups, twists, shells, noodles, and dumplings.
Ms. Louis has spent what seems like infinite hours of research and travel schooling herself on the humble dumpling, or what Italians call gnocchi. The book begins with a section on ‘The Basics.’ Exactly what I need. The pages outline the specific ingredients, tools, and techniques that will help craft dumplings, as well as a list of 12 tips for making great gnocchi. For example, ‘Tip #4’ instructs us to pay special attention to the mixing and cooking directions for each recipe. The mixing method for each dumpling dough will be different, to achieve the correct texture. Not all dumplings are meant to be tender and light.
Ms. Louis moves past Italian cuisine clichés and guides the us through the less-traversed terrains of Italian cooking. Chickpea Gnocchetti, from the north-western region of Liguria, are made with cooked chickpeas and are slightly denser than most dumplings. The delicious Gnocchi Ossolani, is the pride of a mountain culture that’s focused on artisanal butter and cheeses. Castagna is the Italian word for “chestnut,” and the dense texture and sweet flavour of chestnut flour set Castagna Gnocchi apart from other dumplings.
Each recipe helpfully includes suggestions on sauce pairings. The book contains 10 sauce recipes to help complement the flavour and texture of the pasta. A glossary explains the backgrounds and regional variations of some of the dumplings in this book that are lesser known outside Italy.
Now, has my fear of disappointing Nonna’s around the world completely dissipated? Not exactly. But Ms. Louis’ cookbook provided some beautifully articulated advice, held my hand through some dodgy moments and helped me face my fear of Italian cooking. If anything else, Pasta by Hand made me a braver cook.
Ricotta Gnocchetti (Tuscany)Serves 6
These gnocchetti are soft, tender, and rich with ricotta. In the fall, I dress them with sautéed squash and sage brown butter. In the winter, I serve them with a meat ragù. In the summer, it must be pesto!
480 G/2 CUPS WHOLE-MILK RICOTTA CHEESE, HOMEMADE (recipe follows) OR STORE-BOUGHT
25 G/¼ CUP FINELY GRATED PARMIGIANO-REGGIANO CHEESE
1 TBSP UNSALTED BUTTER, MELTED
FRESHLY GRATED NUTMEG
125 G/¾ CUP + 2 TBSP ALL-PURPOSE FL OUR, PLUS MORE FOR DUSTING
SEMOLINA FLOUR FOR DUSTING
In a large bowl, combine the ricotta cheese, Parmigiano-Reggiano cheese, egg, melted butter, and a few swipes of nutmeg. Add the all-purpose flour and mix with your hands just until combined. The dough should be slightly sticky and wet. Do not overmix, as this will make the gnocchetti tough.
Dust 30 g/¼ cup all-purpose flour on the work surface, then scrape the dough from the bowl directly on top of the flour. Sprinkle the top of the dough with an additional 30 g/ ¼ cup all-purpose flour. This will help prevent the dough from being too sticky to roll.
Line two baking sheets with parchment paper and dust with semolina flour. Cut off a chunk of dough, about 25 g/¼ cup, and cover the rest with plastic wrap. On a work surface lightly dusted with all-purpose flour, use your hands to roll the chunk into a log about ¼ in (6 mm) in diameter. Cut the log into ½-in (12-mm) pieces. Put the gnocchetti on the prepared baking sheets and shape the remaining dough. Make sure that the gnocchetti don’t touch or they will stick together.
(To store, refrigerate on the baking sheets, covered with plastic wrap, for up to 2 days, or freeze on the baking sheets and transfer to an airtight container. Use within 1 month. Do not thaw before cooking.)
Bring a large pot filled with generously salted water to a simmer over medium-high heat. Add the gnocchetti and simmer until they float to the surface, 1 to 3 minutes. Remove immediately with a slotted spoon and finish with your choice of sauce. Serve right away.
Makes 2 lb (900 g)
Homemade ricotta is splendid. Making fresh cheese is much easier than you might think, and the end result is creamier and richer than most store-bought ricottas. This recipe is made with mostly whole milk and buttermilk, but contains some half-and-half, too. The end result is rich in texture and flavor, but not overwhelmingly rich like a cream-based cheese. The by-product, whey, is wonderful—don’t throw it away! It will keep for about 1 week, refrigerated, and is great in dishes when you want a lactic and acidic flavor. My favorite uses include whey-braised pork (instead of milk-braised) and wilting spinach with whey and preserved lemon.
5 QT (4.7 L) WHOLE MILK
5 CUPS (1.2 L) BUTTERMILK
3 CUPS (720 ML) HALF-AND-HALF
Combine the milk, buttermilk, and half-and-half in a large, heavy-bottomed pot and cook over high heat, stirring gently every few minutes to distribute the heat evenly, for 6 to 8 minutes. When curds start to form, stop stirring. Bring the mixture to 175°F (80°C), as measured on an instant-read thermometer, then turn off the heat and let cool, without disturbing, until the mixture is almost at room temperature. Carefully transfer the pot to the refrigerator and let cool completely.
Meanwhile, line a large fine-mesh strainer with a double layer of cheesecloth and set the strainer over a large, deep bowl so that the whey can drain. When fully cooled, remove the pot from the refrigerator and gently ladle the curds into the strainer. Cover with plastic wrap, refrigerate, and let drain overnight.
The following day, transfer the ricotta to airtight containers. Seal tightly and refrigerate for up to 1 week. Do not freeze ricotta.
Pair with the sauce of your choice.
Recipe reprinted with permission from Pasta by Hand, by Jenn Louis, Raincoast Books